May 23th. – International Day for the eradication of obstetric fistula
On may 23th, the international Day for the eradication of obstetric fistula is celebrated, an injury that is reported annually to more than 50 thousand cases of women in the world and with greater incidence in the developing countries. The celebration of this Day is for member states to commit themselves to eliminate obstetric fistula, in line with the millennium development goal of improving maternal health
The obstetric fistula occurs to women, when they have long labor without receiving adequate medical attention, producing a fissure that connects the bladder and rectum ducts, causing chronic leakage of urine and feces. Studies conducted show high figures in the world between 2 million and 3 million and a half of women who currently live with this injury and every year it increases between 50,000 and 100,000 new cases. In developed countries, this disease has been eradicated, on the contrary in underdeveloped countries with economic problems where women do not have access or have very limited access to social health services, especially in very remote regions, where women and adolescents spend for labor without medical assistance a percentage of fistula patients have medical assistance, most do not have medical attention and, in addition to the lack of expert surgeons in the field, this situation is serious.
We can end the fistula
This is one of the most serious injuries that can occur during childbirth. It is a hole between the birth canal and the bladder or rectum caused by the prolongation or obstruction of a delivery without receiving treatment. Women with this injury often suffer from incontinence and are often marginalized by their communities. Many of them live with this problem for years or even decades because they can not afford the operation. The most affected areas are latin america and the caribbean, sub-saharan africa, Asia, the arab region, where women live in cultures where they have no socio-economic freedom and their self-esteem depends almost entirely on their marriage and their ability to procreate. The fistula is preventable in its entirety, just by receiving adequate medical attention during pregnancy and especially during childbirth, these alarming figures could be reduced to a minimum and even eradicate this terrible disease, with only submitting to simple surgery that repairs the hole that puts in communication the birth canal, with the urinary bladder or with the rectum obstetric or vaginal fistula can be prevented and, in most cases, can be treated. Women who have an obstetric fistula without complications can undergo simple surgery to repair the hole that communicates with the urinary bladder or rectum.